A visible mixture of gases, small particles, and water vapor released into the air as a result of combustion, including the burning of organic materials during wildfires. Smoke from wildfires can pose significant health risks, particularly for individuals with pre-existing respiratory conditions, the elderly, and young children. It can also reduce visibility, negatively impact air quality, and create hazardous conditions for transportation and outdoor activities. Legal disputes related to wildfires, such as the Calf Canyon/Hermit’s Peak Fire, may address the consequences of smoke exposure on human health, property, and the environment, as well as the responsibility of involved parties to mitigate these risks and compensate affected individuals and communities for damages and losses.